TACIT RACISM BY ANNE WARFIELD RAWLS AND WAVERLY DUCK
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We need to talk about racism before it destroys our democracy. And that conversation needs to start with an acknowledgement that racism is coded into even the most ordinary interactions.Every time we interact with another human being, we unconsciously draw on a set of expectations to guide us through the encounter. What many of us in the United States--especially white people--do not recognize is that centuries of institutional racism have inescapably molded those expectations. This leads us to act with implicit biases that can shape everything from how we greet our neighbors to whether we take a second look at a resume. This is tacit racism, and it is one of the most pernicious threats to our nation.In Tacit Racism, Anne Warfield Rawls and Waverly Duck illustrate the many ways in which racism is coded into the everyday social expectations of Americans, in what they call Interaction Orders of Race. They argue that these interactions can produce racial inequality, whether the people involved are aware of it or not, and that by overlooking tacit racism in favor of the fiction of a "color-blind" nation, we are harming not only our society's most disadvantaged--but endangering the society itself.Ultimately, by exposing this legacy of racism in ordinary social interactions, Rawls and Duck hope to stop us from merely pretending we are a democratic society and show us how we can truly become one.
Introduction: Racism Is a Clear and Present Danger
Chapter 1. “White People Are Nosey” and “Black People Are Rude”: Black and White Greetings and Introductory Talk
Chapter 2. “Fractured Reflections” of High-Status Black Men’s Presentations of Self: Non-Recognition of Identity as a Tacit Form of Institutional Racism
Chapter 3. Clashing Conceptions of Honesty: Black American “Honesty” in the White Workplace
Chapter 4. “A Man Is One Who Is Responsible for Others”: Achieving Black Masculinity in the Face of Institutionalized Stigma and Racism
Chapter 5. The White Self-Interested “Strong Man” Ideal vs. the Black Ideal of “Submissive Civility”: In a Black/White Police Encounter with Jason Turowetz
Chapter 6. “Do You Eat Cats and Dogs?”: Student Observations of Racism in Their Everyday Lives
Chapter 7. The Interaction Order of a Poor Black American Space: Creating Respect, Recognition, and Value in Response to Collective Punishment
Conclusion Digging out the Lies by Making the Ordinary Strange
Anne Warfield Rawls is professor of sociology at Bentley University, research professor of socio-informatics at the University of Siegen, Germany, and senior fellow with the Yale Urban Ethnography Project. She is the author of Epistemology and Practice: Durkheim's "The Elementary Forms of Religious Life" and the editor of Harold Garfinkel's works Toward a Sociological Theory of Information; Seeing Sociologically; and Parsons' Primer. Waverly Duck is associate professor of sociology and director of urban studies at the University of Pittsburgh. He is the author of No Way Out: Precarious Living in the Shadow of Poverty and Drug Dealing, also published by the University of Chicago Press.